This book is a state-of-the-art introduction to the archaeology of Oceania, covering both Australia and the Pacific Islands. The first text to provide integrated treatment of the archaeologies of Australia and the Pacific Islands. It enables readers to form a coherent overview of cultural developments across the region as a whole. It brings together contributions from some of the region's leading scholars. It focuses on new discoveries, conceptual innovations, and postcolonial realpolitik. It challenges conventional thinking on major regional and global issues in archaeology.