This is an insightful survey on the materials and techniques of American artistis, from 1860 to 1945. This second volume in the 'American Painter's on Technique' series is the first overview of an important but largely unknown aspect of American art from 1860 to 1945. The study is based primarily on firsthand descriptions of the materials and techniques that artists used to make paintings. The book is into two parts: 1860 to 1910 and 1910 to 1945. Between 1860 and 1910, the predominant theme is the increased number of Americans who traveled to Europe for instruction, resulting in an explosion of transplanted techniques. The period 1910 to 1945, was marked by a fundamental change in the attitudes of painters toward their materials. An epilogue summarizes the lessons American painters' experiences over 250 years can hold for contemporary artists interested in the long-term preservation of their paintings.